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Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

Sometimes it is good to remember the basics (sorry this is long but I felt compelled to reprint the whole article…hope it resounds with you too):

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

Maslow understood that when man was at his best, man had what he called “B-Values.” He identified these B-values as truth, goodness beauty, unity, transcendence, aliveness, uniqueness, perfection, justice, order and simplicity.

In an age where behaviorism and Freudism prevailed, the introduction of B-values, changed psychology. It elevated psychology to a more spiritual level. Maslow studied the greatest people in history and cataloged what they possess that made them great. Although Maslow would probably be taken aback for anything to do with the idea of a “spiritual” level, psychology did take a step forward and became more positive and spiritual.

Maslow diagrammed his famous Hierarchy of Needs in the late 1960’s in the shape of a pyramid. Maslow believed that as man ascends to higher degrees, his needs change. At the lower level, the needs relate to safety, food and shelter, but at the higher levels man needs change to social interaction and self worth.

Both the B-Values and Hierarchy of Needs were in sharp contrast to the simple mechanics of behaviorism introduced by Watson in 1919. Behaviorism was strictly observational and based solely on measurements. “If you don’t see it, don’t think about it” was the premise. Behaviorism was soulless and based merely on stimuli and reinforcement. Behaviorism was one of many schools of psychology that debased man. For example, psychoanalysis taught that man was ruled by an unconscious mind and energized solely by animal instincts.

The most interesting level in the Hierarchy of Needs pyramid is the highest need level-Self-Actualization. Maslow defined self-actualizing as the point where people become fully functional, acted purely on their own volition and thus possessed “healthy personality.”

The other need levels included:

Ego Needs

Social Needs

Security Needs

Body Needs

Here are some of my ideas.

In response to these needs, man responds and uses is resources. Man is a product of his heredity and his environment and through these two mechanisms he learns to fulfill his needs and ascend higher on the pyramid.
But if this were the case, the mechanisms would be robotic, and everyone would be more or less the same.
Man’s brain is electrochemical. In electronics we find that there is a phenomenon called “Thermal Noise.” In amplifiers, this noise is caused by the thermal agitation of electronics in resistances. This noise is seen on a television set as snow and is very apparent when the antenna is disconnected.
A similar type of noise is probably generated in the brain. Lets say noise is generated in the idea-processing circuits of the brain. Most of it is discarded as not even worthy enough to be presented to the conscious mind. Only when something new and wonderful results to we rejoice in a new idea.
The only way God can modify the world without blowing it up by nullifying the rules of nature is through randomness. Thus randomness can be a gift of God. (Using quantum mechanics, the spiritual forces could modify the chromosomes and thus creationism and evolution could both be correct.)
This is a modified Hierarchy of Needs diagram:

I added a top yellow area in the pyramid. This is the spiritual level.

Here we have needs of the grace of God. We want peace and understanding. We want to be surrounded by the love. Deep love. This level can transcend the lower needs. For example, when faced with the possibility of death, the fears of safety may be put aside. Many a man has died for what they have believed in (witness those who gave their life in war).

–Getting back to Maslow–

The Body needs are biological and consists of the needs for air, food, water and a temperature range. These needs can be very strong because if deprived over time, the person will die.

The Security needs include those of safety. This level is more likely to be found in children as they have a greater need to feel safe.

The Ego needs focus on our need for self-respect, and respect from others.

The Self-Actualization is described by Maslow as an ongoing process involved in a cause outside their own skin. People on this level work at something very precious, call it a vocation or calling in the old priestly sense. These people are very fine, healthy, strong, sagacious (very smart) and creative. Maslow included saintly people on this level, but I would put them in the Spiritual need level.

Going beyond what Maslow said, we can list what type of information (i.e. books, training) each level desires:

Body Needs -medical, emergency, rescue, coping

Security Needs -safety planning, food supplies, shelter requirements, emergency supplies

Social -social self help, finding love, how to escape bad feelings and alienation, how to achieve a sense of belonging

Ego -ego self help, finding healthy pride, direction, empowerment in business

Self Actualization -books that give direction and meaning, supplemented by unique books on hobbies, politics, science, psychology

Spiritual -Holy books written by Abraham, Krishna, Moses, Zoroaster, Buddha, Christ, Mohammed, the Bab, Baha’u’llah and other messengers of God.

Maslow believed that once a person is self actualized, he is in a position to follow his calling. A musician must make music, an artist must paint and a poet must write. If these needs are not met, the person feels on edge and lacking something.

People with lower needs have more identifiable needs. A person who has lower needs, is a person who one can find the cause of their restlessness, but as one goes up to self actualization, the restlessness can be hard to identify.

Maslow also believed that people should be able to move through the needs to the highest level provided they are given an education that promotes growth.

Some of the changes in the educational process that Maslow espoused:

People should …

Be authentic.

Transcend their cultural conditioning and become world citizens.

Find their vocation and right mate.

Know that life is precious.

Be good and joyous in all kinds of situations.

Learn from their inner nature.

See that basic needs are satisfied.

Refreshen their consciousness, appreciate beauty and other good things in life.

Understand that controls are good, and complete abandon is bad.

Transcend trifling problems

Grapple with serious problems such as injustice, pain suffering and death

Be good choosers

Be given practice in making choices of goodies, then making choices in their religious beliefs.


A. H. Maslow The Farther Reaches of Human Nature, Esalen Books, Viking Press
SBN 670-30853-6 hardbound, 670-00360-3 softbound

Abraham H. Maslow Toward a Psychology of Being, D. Van Nostrand Company, 1968
Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 68-30757

On June 8, 1970, A.H. Maslow passed away due to a fatal heart attack.

Last Updated: July 21, 2003

Copyright 2001-2003 by George Norwood



This was a wild, fun painting/collage/assemblage to create. I really let myself go and followed my intuitive spirit in its design. I started with the central image as my focal point. It is a burned around the edges picture of a museum with the wording “Knowledge” etched into the front of the building. I then used blue and yellow paint brayered over the surface, added some more random pictures and then brayer painted some more. I love the look of using a brayer. It is thin enought to see through and give a layered quality that I enjoy using in my art.

After this was done, I found that the picture had different pictures within a picture in each corner and I tried to create unique, abstract designs in each while maintaining a harmonious whole. I dripped and flung paint with controlled abandonement. I added transparencies with predrawn artwork, more pages collaged on with masking tape and clear packing tape. I used objects including a broken protracter, stickers, and stencils.

Unfortunately, you can’t see the edges due to the digital camera I used and it is a bit blurry but I sharpened it up some in paint shop pro. Click on the picture to get a close up!



Here is the last of my altered book covers of the Natural Science Illustrated Encyclopedia’s. View them all at http://ronhuxley.blogs.com/privatepracticebuilding/art/index.html

This one is a tribute to various artists and styles of art that have inspired me. Can you name them all?

Get creative in 90 days? Yes, click here!

How Are Your Ethics?

How Are Your Ethics?

What Can Ethical Leaders Do?

Ethical business leaders will have to take some immediate steps to show employees and stockholders they are honest and determined to do their best for the organization. Each leader must model high ethical standards. In addition, here are 10 more steps you can take right now.

Assess your personal morals. What you do in your personal life permeates your business affairs and the lives of your children. Be a good role model.

Review your company’s ethics. Make it clear what is and is not acceptable.

Establish your mission statement and your company’s core values. High ethical standards are based on integrity, honor, honesty and fairness to all.

Communicate the mission and core values to every employee and customer through your words and actions.

Create an ethics policy that clearly states the company’s philosophy and consequences for not following the policy. Some guidelines can be found on the Society for Human Resource Management’s Web site.

Implement ethics training.

Tighten your accounting practices as well as your conflict-of-interest policy.

Establish an ethics panel that will review ethics violations and questionable decisions. This group can take pressure off employees during decision making.

Include ethics in your performance evaluations to ensure employees are held accountable for their actions.

Watch out for any employee who is out to make a name for himself. It is often the superstar who is the one pushing the envelope.

Have you seen unethical behavior in your workplace? What examples of ethical behaviors have you been proud to witness? Share your thoughts with us by clicking on the comments button.

90 Days to Get More Creative? See how here!

Internet Activities

Daily and Overall Internet Population

Internet Activities

About 63% of American adults go online.
That translates into approximately 128 million people.

Here are the kinds of things they do:

Send e-mail
Use a search engine to find information
Search for a map or driving directions
Do an Internet search to answer a specific question
Research a product or service before buying it
Look for info on a hobby or interest
Check the weather
Look for info about movies, books, or other leisure activities
Get news
Surf the Web for fun
Get travel info
Look for health/medical info
Look for info from a government website
Buy a product
Buy or make a reservation for travel
Go to a website that provides info or support for a specific medical condition or personal situation
Look up phone number or address
Research for school or training
Watch a video clip or listen to an audio clip
Do any type of research for your job
Look for political news/info
Get financial info
Check sports scores or info
Look for info about a job
Download other files such as games, videos, or pictures
Send an instant message
Play a game
Listen to music online at a website
Look for info about a place to live
Bank online
Look for religious/spiritual info
Search for info about someone you know or might meet
Chat in a chat room or in an online discussion
Research your family’s history or genealogy
Look for weight loss or general fitness info
Participate in an online auction
Look for info about a mental health issue
Use Internet to get photos developed/display photos
Share files from own computer w/others
Create content for the Internet
Look for info on something sensitive or embarrassing
Log onto the Internet using a wireless device
Read someone else’s web log or “blog”
Take part in an online group
Download music files to your computer
Download video files to your computer
Visit an adult website
Buy or sell stocks, bonds, or mutual funds
Buy groceries online
Take a class online for college credit
Take any other class online
Go to a dating website or other sites where you can meet other people online
Look for info about domestic violence
Make a phone call online
Make a donation to a charity online
Create a web log or “blog”
Check e-mail on a hand-held computer
Play lottery or gamble online
Check e-mail on a web-enabled cell phone
Check e-mail on another messaging device

Source: Pew Internet & American Life Project Tracking surveys (March 2000 – present)

What do you do online? (other than read and reply to web posts) 🙂

The effect of spam and legislation

Pew Internet & American Life Project

A new survey by the Pew Internet & American Life Project between February 3 and March 1, 2004 shows the following:

29% of email users say they have reduced their overall use of email because of spam. That figure is an increase from last June, when we found that 25% of emailers were reporting a reduction in their email use.

63% of email users said that the influx of spam made them less trusting of email in general. That figure is higher than the 52% of email users who reported declining trust in email in June.

77% of emailers said the flood of spam made the act of being online unpleasant and annoying. That is an increase from the 70% of those who said in June that spam was making online experiences unpleasant and annoying.

42% of email users said they were aware that Congress and the Administration had approved anti-spam legislation and that it had gone into effect at the beginning of the year.

In all, 86% of email users reported some level of distress with spam.

What effect has spam had on your online experience?

Using questions to solve problems

Leaders of big corporations know how to ask a question and get results. Why can’t we parents do the same thing? Here’s how…

On a high school debate team, persuasion happens through fortified logic supported by facts and figures. Most companies work this way, too. You just lay out your logic, present supporting data, and voila—full buy-in is a cinch! … Not. That’s because we’re trained to argue when presented with someone else’s logic. As parents of teenagers can attest, the first reaction to being told what to do is to attack any logic, explanation, or data that isn’t what they want to hear.

Questions provoke answers, however. Ask a teenager “Where are you going?” and you will get an answer. (Most likely, “Out.”) What they don’t do is argue with the question or its assumptions. This is the basis for the Socratic method.

Rather than stating your logic, ask a series of questions chosen to lead your listeners to deduce the logic on their own. This questioning will take longer than lecturing, but you’ll save time in the long run. Your listeners will reach their own conclusion based on your questions. They’ll buy into a conclusion they’ve reached much faster than they will buy in to a conclusion that you just state.

— This article reminds me of the Appreciative Inquiry method. It also reminds me of the power of using the 5 What’s. Ask a series of five questions that dig into the source of a problem using “what” as the begining of the question. This will lead you to a logical solution.

For example: What is the problem with X? It leaks. What causes it to leak? It has a faulty filter. What caused us to put in these type of filters? They were cheap and we got them for a good price. What filter would keep this from leaking? Brand Z. What do we have to do to get brand Z’s filters installed? We would have to go back and buy them all over again… You can continue this line of questioning on and on till you reach a solution that works. Say you can’t afford new filters. Then you would have to ask a series of 5 What’s that helped you resolve that issue as well.

The beauty of logical questioning is that it takes the personality and politics out of the problem solving equation. How have you used question to solve problems in your work or personal life?

Ask more questions about parenting with our simple, fast ecourse: Send an email to parentingtoolbox@getresponse.com